831 Assignment no 2 Spring 2021

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Course: Foundation of Education (831)

Semester: Spring, 2021

ASSIGNMENT No. 2

Q. 1Differentiate between aims, goals and objectives by giving examples. i) Social conditions and education In such competitive world, education is a very significant tool for every person to succeed in life. Education is must for both women and men equally as both together make an educated and healthy society. It gives many purposes to the lifelike as the development of the personal advancement, increases social status and health. Much of what goes on in society disclosures into the school method, impacting students and their learning and knowledge experience. School systems should identify what kinds of social problems are of main anxiety, and educate students regarding ways to fight them. Parents and teachers can cooperate on plans for reducing social issues in schools. 1. Classroom racism Racism is a social issue that is present in every aspect of society, from business atmospheres to schools.  That this problem has worked its technique into classrooms is proofed by biased peers full of prejudiced notes towards classmates of minority backgrounds. However teachers can ban language conflicts at school, racism might continue to survive if parents don’t also assist to accurate the preconception behaviors of their children in the home. Though, if students are learning their racist views & comments from their teachers, parents will not be capable to depend on parents to assist resolve the problems. 2. Ethnic issues Children have its place in certain ethnic groups, are incorrectly evaluated as being slower learners when measuring up to other competitions.  This is, obviously, not true for the reason that one’s learning capabilities not straightforwardly connected to their customs. Though by reason of social or even geographical aspects, students from certain ethnic groups lack sufficient disclosure to sources of learning.  It puts the students belonging to them at risk of increasing low self-esteem. 3. Unequal opportunity Within the realm of judgment is the social issue of unequal education opportunities for individuals who come from smaller backgrounds. Students who belong to this demographic risk lost out on the similar stage of educational excellence as middle to higher class students of non-minority backgrounds.  The social problem here is that the offers disproportionate opportunities and education system has inequities based on cultural affiliation and income level when in an ideal world, all students should have exposure to an equal education. 4. Economy The economy plays an important part in social issues that affect students. As children become older, they begin to notice the financial burdens that their families experience. In an economy, it can be hard for families. Subsequently, some high scholars drop out of school so that they can assist support the family financially. Students who belong to deprived families are most probable to attend public schools. These schools are not as sound prepared with technology as a private school. This then automatically lay them at a difficulty when judge against to other students who go to private schools. 5. Cultural issues Students belonging to migrant families may not be sound proficient with the English language. This makes an obstacle to contact students and teachers. Such students are not capable to get an accurate education. 6. Ethical issues There are certain extra ethical issues in education which have an effect on students. For instance, whether to permit mobile in school or not, should school uniforms be made compulsory, etc. 7.  Gender issues Social problems in education are the degree of difference treatment delivered on the cause of gender. In certain parts of the society, girls are delivered few opportunities for studying, in comparison to boys. Expectations from girls to achieve high in studies or study further less.  8. Substance abuse Substance abuse and habits have become an epidemic. Many students have the way into addictive substances, alcohol, and drugs. The use of such substances leads to trouble in the type of criminal behaviors, violence and a withdrawing interest in education. This social issue can be controlled through the supportive environment for students, both at school and home. These are some of the social issues that impact education. it plays a great role in a student’s education. The social issues can impact education positively as well as negatively. so, students and teachers should be careful towards these social issues. ii) Economic conditions and education It is well established that improvements in education are associated with long-term improvements in economic performance. There are three broad theories about how education influences economic performance: The basic human capital approach is that education improves the overall skills and abilities of the workforce, leading to greater productivity and improved ability to use existing technology, and thus contributing to economic growth. The innovation approach links education to improving the capacity of the economy to develop of new ideas and technologies.An extension of this is the knowledge transfer approach, which sees education as a means of spreading the knowledge needed to apply new ideas and make use of new technologies (OECD, 2010a). However, there is an important question as whether there is a causal link between education and economic performance, and if so, in what direction. It may be that the two are associated, but not causally linked. It also could be that better economic performance leads to an increase in educational participation and achievement. Or it could be that having more people with education leads to improved economic performance. In general, education and economic performance are likely to be interlinked. Having a more educated workforce enables firms to take advantage of new economic opportunities, leading to improved performance. Also, economic growth can lead to greater national and personal wealth, which increases the resources available and opportunities for education. Economic analysis shows that on the whole, improvements in school-level education lead to improvements in economic performance, and more so than the other way around. Analyses using international cognitive tests have shown that it is improvements in cognitive skills, rather than years of schooling, which have a strong influence on economic growth. The amount of schooling undertaken is not related to growth, unless it also results in improved cognitive skills.  Therefore, the quality of education is very important (OECD, 2010a). The evidence about the relationship between tertiary education and economic performance is less clear. Long-run analysis of the New Zealand economy has shown that increased tertiary education is related to economic performance. Razzak and Timmins (2010) showed that increases in the proportion of employees with bachelors degrees and above are highly correlated to increases in the average gross domestic product per person. However, it is not clear if the growing economy attracted more degree-qualified workers or the increase in degree-qualified workers stimulated economic growth, or a combination of both.

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